Mercury is a shiny, silvery liquid metal, in some cases called quicksilver. It is a transition metal with atomic number 80 on the periodic table, atomic weight of 200.59, and the component sign Hg. Mercury is the third aspect in the twelfth column of the table of elements. It is classified as a transition metal. Mercury atoms have 80 electrons and 80 protons with 122 neutrons in the most plentiful isotope.
Interesting Mercury Facts:
1. Mercury and all of it substances are known to be extremely harmful, it was considered healing throughout much of history.
2. The modern component sign for mercury is Hg, which is the sign for another name for mercury: hydrargyrum. Hydrargyrum originates from Greek words for “water-silver” (hydr- indicates water, argyros implies silver).
3. Mercury is an extremely uncommon element in the Earth’s crust. It accounts for only about just 0.08 parts per million (ppm). It is mainly discovered in the mineral cinnabar, which is mercuric sulfide.
4. Mercury usually is not enabled on aircraft since it combines so easily with aluminum, a metal that prevails on airplane.
5. Mercury does not respond with many acids.
6. Mercury is a fairly bad conductor of heat. The majority of metals are exceptional thermal conductors. It is a mild electrical conductor. The freezing point (-38.8 degrees Celsius) and boiling point (356 degrees Celsius) of mercury are closer together than for other metals.
7. Although mercury normally displays a +1 or +2 oxidation state, in some cases it has a +4 oxidation state. The electron configuration triggers mercury to act somewhat like a worthy gas. Like honorable gases, mercury kinds reasonably weak chemical bonds with other aspects. It forms amalgams with all the other metals, other than for iron. This makes iron a good choice to make containers to transfer and hold mercury.
8. The component Mercury is named for the Roman god Mercury. Mercury is the only aspect to maintain its alchemical name as its modern common name. The element was known to ancient civilizations, dating back to a minimum of 2000 BC. Vials of pure mercury have been discovered in Egyptian burial places from the 1500s BC.
9. Regardless of being the only metal that is liquid at space temperature, mercury has the tiniest liquid range of any metal. It ends up being a strong at -38.83 ° C and a gas at 356.7 ° C.
10. Never ever hold mercury in your bare hands as it can leak through the skin and toxin you. Mercury ought to not be excluded in the open as it will evaporate into the air and can poison you through breathing it.
11. It is a poor conductor of heat, but is a pretty good conductor of electricity.
12. It has a very high coefficient of expansion.
13. When cooled to temperature levels close to absolute no, mercury gets residential or commercial properties of a superconductor.
14. The boiling point of mercury is 357 degrees centigrade, which suggests the metal exists as a gas above this temperature level.
15. It has an extremely high specific gravity, which indicates it is lot of times heavier than an equal volume of water. It is so dense that even a block of lead can drift in it!
16. A fascinating thing about mercury is that even though it is a liquid at space temperature level, it is not wet. In other words, it does not get absorbed by compounds, unlike liquids do.